Meet the Animals

Discover the Wildlife Wonder of Campbell Hill

Title: Exploring Campbell Hill: Ohio’s Wildlife HavenNestled in the heart of Ohio lies a hidden gem, Campbell Hill. This unassuming yet remarkable peak boasts not only the highest natural elevation in the state but also serves as a haven for an array of wildlife species.

Our journey starts with an introduction to Campbell Hill and Ohio’s diverse habitats, followed by a closer look at the graceful white-tailed deer population that calls this beautiful landscape home. to Campbell Hill and Ohio’s Wildlife Habitat System

Campbell Hill as a Wildlife Haven

With its commanding presence standing at 1,550 feet above sea level, Campbell Hill offers a picturesque sanctuary for various wildlife species. From peculiar migratory birds to stunning mammals, an intricate web of life unfolds amidst its lush vegetation.

Campbell Hill’s unique geography and abundant resources make it an ideal habitat for a diverse array of creatures. Ohio’s Diverse Habitats

Ohio, often referred to as the “Gateway to the Midwest,” boasts a rich tapestry of habitats ranging from marshlands and meadows to expansive forests and riverbanks.

This biodiversity is a testament to the state’s dedication to preserving its natural heritage through a comprehensive wildlife habitat system. Ohio’s commitment to conservation efforts has resulted in the creation of several wildlife areas, ensuring the protection and sustainability of the state’s many diverse ecosystems.

White-Tailed Deer at Campbell Hill

History and Significance of White-Tailed Deer in the Region

The white-tailed deer is an iconic symbol of the region, deeply rooted in Ohio’s history and culture. These majestic creatures have long played an integral role in Ohio’s ecosystem, serving as both a vital prey species and a source of inspiration for hunters and nature enthusiasts alike.

Understanding the deep significance and historical context of the white-tailed deer enhances our appreciation for their presence at Campbell Hill.

Population and Appearance of White-Tailed Deer at Campbell Hill

The population and appearance of white-tailed deer at Campbell Hill are nothing short of awe-inspiring. With their distinct reddish-brown coats, graceful antlers, and gentle demeanor, these creatures gracefully navigate the hill’s terrain, adding an ethereal charm to this natural wonder.

The exceptional wildlife management practices employed within Campbell Hill have played a crucial role in maintaining a balanced deer population, ensuring healthy forests and supporting sustainable wildlife populations. Conclusion:

As we conclude our expedition through the captivating landscapes of Campbell Hill and Ohio’s diverse habitats, we leave with a newfound understanding of the rich tapestry of life that thrives in this region.

Campbell Hill’s status as a wildlife haven, coupled with Ohio’s commitment to conserving its natural heritage, showcases the state’s profound dedication to maintaining the delicate balance between humanity and the environment. Whether you’re an avid nature enthusiast or simply appreciate the wonders of the natural world, Campbell Hill offers an immersive experience that will leave a lasting impression on your heart and soul.

Black Racer Snake at Campbell Hill

Black Racer Snake as Ohio’s Official Reptile

In the diverse realm of reptiles, Ohio proudly boasts the black racer snake as its official representative. With its sleek, jet-black appearance, this slithering creature captures the hearts of many nature enthusiasts.

Ohio’s recognition of the black racer snake as its official reptile showcases the importance and significance of this species within the state’s natural heritage.

Role and Non-Venomous Nature of Black Racer Snake

The black racer snake plays a vital role within the ecosystems of Campbell Hill and Ohio as a whole. As opportunistic predators, they have earned a reputation for keeping rodent populations in check, helping to maintain a balance within the intricate web of life.

Despite its intimidating name and appearance, the black racer snake poses no threat to humans. This species is non-venomous and prefers to rely on its incredible speed and agility for defense, using camouflage and swift movements to evade potential predators.

Cardinal at Campbell Hill

Cardinal as a Dominant Bird Species at Campbell Hill

Within the picturesque landscapes of Campbell Hill, one bird stands out in its vibrant crimson glorythe cardinal. Revered for its stunning plumage and enchanting song, the cardinal holds a dominant presence in the avian community of this wildlife haven.

Ohio’s rich forests and open grasslands provide an ideal habitat for cardinals, attracting their vibrant presence to Campbell Hill year-round.

Appearance and Behavior of Cardinals

Male cardinals, with their fiery red coats and sleek crests, are an unmistakable sight amidst the greenery of Campbell Hill. Their captivating appearance symbolizes strength and vitality, while the females, dressed in more subdued shades of brown, exhibit a remarkable beauty of their own.

The cardinals’ melodious songs fill the air, adding a symphony of natural music to the tranquil ambiance of the hill. Cardinals are not only visually enchanting but also exhibit fascinating behaviors.

They are known for their monogamous nature, forming lifelong partnerships with their chosen mates. The male cardinal showcases his devotion by continuously supplying food to the female during courtship and nesting seasons.

Nestled within the dense foliage, their nests conceal delicate treasuresthe eggs, delicate and speckled in appearance, embodying the hope for the future. Cardinals are year-round residents of Campbell Hill, their resilience enabling them to flourish even amidst harsh winters.

Their bright plumage stands out against the cold white backdrop, reminding us that life endures in even the most challenging of circumstances.

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Spotted Salamander at Campbell Hill

Habitat and Behavior of Spotted Salamander

Campbell Hill’s rich and diverse ecosystem is home to a fascinating amphibian residentthe spotted salamander. These unique creatures are most active during the spring when they embark on an incredible journey from their underground habitats to nearby breeding ponds.

The spotted salamander, characterized by its dark brown or black body adorned with vibrant yellow spots, finds solace beneath the cover of fallen leaves and damp forest floors. Their secretive nature and preference for nocturnal activities make them a rare sight to behold.

During breeding season, the spotted salamander migrates in large numbers to the watery haven of nearby ponds. Males perform an elaborate courtship dance, undulating their bodies and releasing pheromones to attract the attention of the females.

Once mating has occurred, the females lay their eggs in gelatinous masses attached to underwater vegetation. As the eggs develop, they undergo a remarkable transformation, hatching into larvae before eventually metamorphosing into terrestrial adults.

Significance and Uniqueness of Spotted Salamander

The spotted salamander holds a profound significance within the ecosystem of Campbell Hill. As a keystone species, they play a crucial role in maintaining the balance of their habitat.

Their diet consists of a variety of invertebrates, helping to control insect populations and contributing to the overall ecological health of the region. Additionally, the spotted salamander serves as an indicator species, reflecting the overall well-being of the ecosystem.

Their presence or absence can provide insights into the state of the surrounding environment. What sets the spotted salamander apart is its unique life cycle and ecological adaptations.

The ability to breed in ephemeral ponds, where water presence is temporary, showcases their adaptability and resourcefulness. Their bright yellow spots serve as a warning to potential predators, indicating their toxic skin secretions, protecting them from harm.

Understanding and appreciating the uniqueness and contributions of the spotted salamander enriches our understanding of the delicate interconnectedness of life at Campbell Hill.

Bullfrog at Campbell Hill

Habitat and Characteristics of Bullfrog

As the sun sets over the serene waters of Campbell Hill, the distinct call of the bullfrog can be heard, signaling its presence in the wetlands and ponds. These amphibians are characterized by their large size, reaching up to six inches in length.

Their striking emerald green bodies, speckled with brown spots, serve as camouflage among the lush vegetation that surrounds their favored habitats. Bullfrogs thrive in a variety of aquatic habitats, including ponds, marshes, and slow-moving streams.

Their broad diet includes insects, small fish, crustaceans, and even smaller amphibians, enabling them to occupy a significant position in the local food chain. Their voracious appetite and ability to adapt to various surroundings contribute to their success as one of the dominant amphibian species at Campbell Hill.

Importance and Size of Bullfrog

The bullfrog’s presence holds immense importance within the ecosystem of Campbell Hill. As predators, they help regulate the populations of their prey species, contributing to a balanced ecosystem.

Their large size and bold nature make them an apex predator within their chosen habitats. The distinct call of the male bullfrog, resembling a resonating bark, serves as both a territorial declaration and a means of attracting potential mates.

The size of bullfrogs further distinguishes them from their amphibian counterparts. With their robust bodies and strong hind legs, they are capable of leaping impressive distances.

Their size grants them an advantage in both hunting and defense, enabling them to escape potential threats or capture prey with remarkable efficiency. Conclusion:

Campbell Hill continues to captivate us with its rich biodiversity and the array of captivating species that call it home.

From the graceful white-tailed deer and vibrant cardinal to the elusive spotted salamander and impressive bullfrog, each creature holds a unique place in the intricately woven tapestry of life. By understanding and celebrating the vital roles these species play within their habitats, we foster a deeper appreciation for the delicate balance of nature that exists at Campbell Hill.

Let us continue to explore, learn, and protect this wildlife haven for future generations to cherish and enjoy.

Eastern Gray Squirrel at Campbell Hill

Presence and Behavior of Eastern Gray Squirrel

The nimble acrobat of Campbell Hill, the eastern gray squirrel, is a familiar sight among the towering trees and lush foliage. This charismatic creature is not only known for its bushy tail and soft gray fur but also for its playful and agile nature.

Eastern gray squirrels can be found scampering along tree branches, leaping from one to another with remarkable precision. Their presence adds a sense of liveliness and charm to the woodland scenery.

These squirrels are highly adaptable and can thrive in a variety of habitats, including forests, parks, and even urban environments. They are opportunistic omnivores, feeding on a diverse diet that includes nuts, seeds, berries, fungi, and occasionally small insects and bird eggs.

Their hoarding behavior is well-known, as they gather and store food during the abundant seasons to ensure a steady supply during times of scarcity. Role in Campbell Hill’s Ecosystem and Appearance

The eastern gray squirrel fulfills an essential role in the ecosystem of Campbell Hill.

As seed dispersers, they play a crucial part in the forest’s regeneration by burying acorns and other nuts, often unintentionally planting seeds as they forget their hidden caches. This behavior contributes to the growth and survival of various tree species and promotes the overall health of the woodland ecosystem.

In terms of appearance, eastern gray squirrels exhibit slight variations in coat color, ranging from gray to reddish-brown. Their large, bushy tails serve multiple purposes beyond aesthetics.

Acting as a balance aid while leaping between branches, it also functions as a cozy wrap during colder months. It is a versatile tool used for communication, signaling territorial boundaries, and expressing mood through various movements.

Raccoon at Campbell Hill

Adaptability and Skills of Raccoons

The raccoon, with its distinctive mask-like facial markings and ringed tail, is a highly adaptable creature that thrives in a variety of habitats, making Campbell Hill its home. These intelligent animals possess dexterous front paws that enable them to manipulate objects with remarkable precision, resembling nimble-handed bandits.

Their resourcefulness and problem-solving abilities have earned them a reputation for mischief and curiosity. Raccoons are opportunistic omnivores, utilizing their keen sense of smell to locate a rich variety of food sources.

They consume a wide range of items, including fruits, nuts, seeds, small vertebrates, insects, and even human leftovers. Their adaptable diet and ability to thrive in both urban and natural environments contribute to their overall success as a species.

Nocturnal Behavior and Characteristics of Raccoons

The raccoon is primarily a creature of the night, displaying nocturnal behavior at Campbell Hill. Their night-time habits allow them to avoid potential predators and human activity while taking advantage of the cover of darkness.

With their exceptional night vision and acute hearing, they move stealthily through the forest, guided by the light of the moon and their well-honed senses. Raccoons have several distinct physical characteristics that aid them in their nocturnal endeavors.

Their sensitive fingers and curved claws allow them to expertly climb trees with ease, while their dense fur acts as insulation during colder nights. Their masked facial markings not only contribute to their unique appearance but also help reduce glare, enhancing their visual acuity in low-light conditions.


As we delve further into the enchanting realm of Campbell Hill’s wildlife, we encounter the charming eastern gray squirrel and the resourceful raccoon. The eastern gray squirrel’s playful presence and important role in seed dispersal embody the delicate balance of forest regeneration.

Meanwhile, the raccoon’s adaptability, curiosity, and nocturnal nature showcase the remarkable skills and survival strategies these creatures possess. Together, they contribute to the rich biodiversity and captivating allure of Campbell Hill.

As we continue to explore and appreciate the natural wonders of this wildlife haven, let us ensure the preservation and conservation of these remarkable species for generations to come.

American Crow at Campbell Hill

Abundance and Adaptability of American Crows

One of the most ubiquitous and adaptable avian residents of Campbell Hill is the American crow. Known for their glossy black feathers and intelligent demeanor, these birds are a common sight throughout Ohio.

American crows are highly adaptable, thriving in a variety of habitats ranging from woodlands and fields to urban areas. Their ability to adapt to different environments has contributed to their abundance and widespread distribution.

American crows have also displayed remarkable problem-solving skills and intelligence. They are known to use tools, such as twigs or rocks, to extract food from crevices or manipulate objects.

Their adaptability and problem-solving abilities have allowed them to exploit various food sources, including insects, small mammals, grain crops, and even human garbage.

Nesting Habits and Reputation of American Crows

American crows are social birds that form large, tight-knit family groups. They exhibit strong communal behavior, often gathering in large flocks during non-breeding seasons.

Breeding pairs build nests made of twigs and lined with softer materials such as grass and feathers, typically located in tall trees. These nests are carefully constructed to provide a secure and hidden space for raising their young.

While American crows are highly intelligent and adaptable, they have acquired a reputation for their mischievous and opportunistic nature. Their tendency to scavenge for food, including raiding crops or trash cans, has earned them both admiration and disdain from humans.

Despite this reputation, their ecological roles as scavengers and predators of some agricultural pests contribute to the balance of ecosystems at Campbell Hill.

Karner Blue Butterfly at Campbell Hill

Threats to the Karner Blue Butterfly

Campbell Hill is home to a delicate and endangered speciesthe Karner Blue Butterfly. This small and elusive insect faces numerous threats that have contributed to its decline in recent years.

Habitat loss, primarily due to urbanization and land development, has resulted in the destruction of the wild lupine plants that serve as the butterfly’s primary food source and habitat. Additionally, factors such as climate change, herbicide use, and invasive species pose further challenges to the Karner Blue Butterfly’s survival.

Efforts have been made to conserve and restore the butterfly’s habitat, including the planting of wild lupine and the creation of protected areas. Conservation organizations and governmental agencies work together to monitor and manage populations, raise public awareness, and implement strategies to mitigate the threats facing this fragile species.

Unique Characteristics and Pollination Role of Karner Blue Butterfly

The Karner Blue Butterfly possesses unique characteristics that distinguish it from other species. Adults display a vibrant blue color on the upper side of their wings, giving them a striking appearance.

This distinct coloration is complemented by orange crescents and black spots, creating a beautiful symphony of hues. In contrast, the undersides of their wings feature a pale gray color, providing effective camouflage in their native lupine habitat.

These delicate creatures also play a vital role in pollination. As they feed on the nectar of various wildflowers, including lupine, they inadvertently transfer pollen from one flower to another, aiding in the fertilization process.

This mutualistic relationship between the Karner Blue Butterfly and wildflowers contributes to the overall health and biodiversity of Campbell Hill’s ecosystems. Conclusion:

The American crow’s adaptability and intelligence, the Karner Blue Butterfly’s delicate beauty, and the threats these species face provide us with a deep understanding of the intricacies of Campbell Hill’s wildlife.

As we celebrate the resilience and unique characteristics of these creatures, we are reminded of the interconnectedness of all living organisms within this delicate ecosystem. It is our responsibility to protect and conserve these species, engaging in collective efforts to ensure their survival in the face of habitat loss, climate change, and other threats.

By doing so, we preserve the rich biodiversity of Campbell Hill, securing a vibrant and harmonious future for both wildlife and humans alike.

Eastern Box Turtle at Campbell Hill

Appearance and Behavior of Eastern Box Turtle

One of the charismatic reptiles found in the woodlands of Campbell Hill is the Eastern Box Turtle. These resilient creatures can be easily recognized by their distinctive appearance.

They possess a high-domed carapace, which acts as their protective shell. The carapace’s coloration varies, ranging from shades of brown and black to yellow and even orange.

Their plastron, the underside of their shell, is hinged, allowing them to retreat inside for protection. Eastern Box Turtles are relatively small, typically reaching a length of around six inches.

They are well-adapted to their terrestrial habitats, spending most of their lives on land. However, they are also excellent swimmers when faced with water obstacles in their environment.

These turtles demonstrate fascinating behaviors. They are known for their ability to close their shells completely, allowing them to withdraw completely from harm’s way.

Eastern Box Turtles are relatively slow-moving but possess a strong sense of direction, honed by their remarkable homing instinct. This enables them to navigate large home ranges with precision, returning to preferred areas year after year.

Conservation Status and Threats to Eastern Box Turtles

The Eastern Box Turtle faces considerable threats to its survival. While their populations were once abundant, they are now considered a species of concern due to habitat loss, road mortality, and collection for the illegal pet trade.

As their natural habitats are fragmented and urbanized, Eastern Box Turtles struggle to find suitable areas for nesting, foraging, and overwintering. In addition to habitat loss, the introduction of non-native species, such as raccoons and foxes, poses a threat to their eggs and young.

Conservation efforts are essential for the protection and survival of Eastern Box Turtles. Initiatives include the preservation of their natural habitats, the creation of wildlife corridors to connect fragmented areas, and public education regarding the importance of responsible pet ownership.

By raising awareness and implementing strategies to mitigate the threats facing Eastern Box Turtles, we can contribute to their continued existence in the woodlands of Campbell Hill.

Mourning Dove at Campbell Hill

Description and Behavior of Mourning Doves

The peaceful cooing sounds of the Mourning Dove are a familiar underscore to the woodlands and open habitats of Campbell Hill. These elegant birds possess a sleek and streamlined body, characterized by a soft grayish-brown plumage, delicate pinkish-gray legs, and a slender beak.

Their graceful flight patterns, marked by quick, whistling wingbeats, add to their distinctive charm and provide a captivating sight amidst the serene landscapes. Mourning Doves are known for their gentle and tranquil nature.

They often forage in groups on the ground, pecking at seeds and grains. Their dedicated herbivorous diet contributes to the dispersal of seeds, making them important agents of plant propagation.

Mourning Doves have also adapted well to human presence and are often seen in suburban areas, provided there is suitable habitat.

Habitat and Mating Habits of Mourning Doves

Mourning Doves thrive in a variety of habitats, ranging from woodlands and grasslands to farmlands and urban areas. Their adaptability to different surroundings allows them to take advantage of available food resources and nesting sites.

They are particularly fond of open areas with scattered trees or shrubs, which provide both perching spots and nesting opportunities. Mourning Doves display fascinating mating habits.

During courtship, the male will perform a mesmerizing display known as the “bowing display,” where he raises and lowers his head while emitting soft cooing sounds. Once a pair has formed, they engage in a delicate bonding ritual known as “billing,” where they intertwine their bills and preen each other’s feathers.

Nests are often constructed in trees, shrubs, or even on manmade structures. The female lays two eggs, and both parents take turns incubating them until they hatch.


The Eastern Box Turtle with its remarkable appearance and behaviors and the serene Mourning Dove with its peaceful presence provide us with glimpses into the intricate world of Campbell Hill’s wildlife. These creatures, along with their unique characteristics and roles within their respective habitats, contribute to the overall biodiversity and allure of the region.

By understanding and appreciating their significance, we can work towards the conservation of these species, ensuring their existence and enriching the natural heritage of Campbell Hill for future generations to enjoy.

Northern Long-eared Bat at Campbell Hill

Nocturnal Behavior and Roosting Preferences of Northern Long-eared Bats

Among the creatures that emerge under the cover of darkness at Campbell Hill, the Northern Long-eared Bat stands out as a remarkable species. These insectivorous bats are highly adapted to a life of nocturnal foraging.

With their keen echolocation abilities, they navigate the night skies in search of insects to sustain themselves. Northern Long-eared Bats prefer to roost in tree cavities, but they are known to utilize a variety of roosting sites.

During summer months, maternity colonies are formed, with females gathering in groups to give birth and raise their young. Historic sites such as dead trees, snags, and cavities are crucial for their survival, providing safe havens and suitable microclimates for roosting and raising their offspring.

Population Decline and White-nose Syndrome Affecting Northern Long-eared Bats

Unfortunately, the Northern Long-eared Bat population has experienced a significant decline in recent years. One primary factor contributing to this decline is the spread of a devastating fungal disease known as White-nose Syndrome.

This disease affects hibernating bat species and has caused catastrophic mortality rates. The fungus disrupts the bats’ hibernation patterns, weakening their immune systems and depriving them of vital energy reserves.

White-nose Syndrome has decimated Northern Long-eared Bat populations throughout their range, including Campbell Hill. The loss of these important pollinators and insect predators has broader ecological consequences, impacting the balance of insect populations and ultimately affecting the health of forest ecosystems.

Efforts are underway to study the disease, raise awareness, and implement conservation measures to protect and restore bat populations. Henslow’s Sparrows at Campbell Hill

Grassland Habitat and Feeding Habits of Henslow’s Sparrows

Nestled within the grasslands of Campbell Hill, the Henslow’s Sparrow reveals itself with its distinctive song and secretive nature.

These small birds exclusively inhabit grassland habitats, where they find abundant food, cover, and nesting opportunities. Their preferred habitats include prairies, meadows, and fields with a mix of grasses, forbs, and shrubby vegetation.

Henslow’s Sparrows are ground-nesters, constructing their nests within dense grasses near the ground. Their unique feeding habits further emphasize their connection to grasslands, as they forage primarily on seeds that are found within the grasses.

Their short, pointed bills are well-suited for extracting seeds, making them adept at finding and consuming these resources. Breeding Season and Conservation Status of Henslow’s Sparrows

Breeding season brings a burst of activity and vocalizations from the Henslow’s Sparrow.

Males perform a distinctive song consisting of a short introductory note followed by a series of accelerating, insect-like trills. These songs serve both as a declaration of territory and as a means of attracting potential mates.

The secretive nature of these birds and their preference for dense cover make it challenging to observe their courtship behaviors. Henslow’s Sparrows face a multitude of threats due to the loss and degradation of grassland habitats.

Habitat fragmentation caused by agriculture, urbanization, and invasive species has resulted in significant declines in their populations. This unique sparrow species is considered a conservation priority, with efforts aimed at preserving and restoring grassland habitats to ensure their survival.


The Northern Long-eared Bat with its nocturnal behavior and struggle against White-nose Syndrome, as well as the Henslow’s Sparrow with its dependence on grassland habitats and conservation needs, illuminate the delicate balance of life within Campbell Hill’s diverse ecosystems. These creatures, though facing significant challenges, serve as reminders of the importance of preserving and restoring habitats and the broader implications for the health and functioning of the natural world.

By understanding and championing their conservation, we contribute to the longevity and vitality of these species and the ecosystems they inhabit.

Tips for Protecting Animals at Campbell Hill

Visiting Campbell Hill provides a unique opportunity to appreciate the diverse wildlife that calls this area home. As responsible stewards of nature, it is important to take steps to protect and minimize our impact on these precious creatures.

Here are some tips for ensuring the well-being of the animals at Campbell Hill:

1. Respect their space: Keep a safe distance from wildlife to avoid causing stress or interfering with natural behaviors.

Use binoculars or zoom lenses to observe animals from a reasonable distance, allowing them to go about their daily activities without disturbance. 2.

Do not feed wildlife: While it may be tempting to offer food to animals, it can disrupt natural feeding patterns and cause dependency on human-provided food. Feeding can also lead to health issues and alter the behavior of wildlife, potentially increasing the risk of conflicts with humans.

3. Dispose of waste properly: Be mindful of your trash and litter.

Dispose of waste in designated bins to prevent animals from being enticed by food remnants and potentially ingesting harmful substances. Additionally, consider carrying reusable water bottles and utensils to minimize single-use plastic waste.

4. Stay on designated trails: Stick to established trails and pathways to minimize trampling of habitats and nesting areas.

Straying from designated areas can disturb nesting birds, trample delicate vegetation, and damage important microhabitats. 5.

Leave natural objects as you found them: Refrain from removing rocks, plants, or any other natural objects from the environment. These items play vital roles within the ecosystem and serve as important hiding spots, nesting sites, or sources of food for wildlife.

6. Be mindful of noise and light pollution: Avoid making excessive noise or using bright lights, especially during nighttime hours.

Loud noises can startle and stress wildlife, while excessive artificial lighting can disrupt natural behaviors and confuse nocturnal animals.

Tips for Planning a Visit to Campbell Hill

Planning your visit to Campbell Hill ensures that you can fully enjoy the beauty of this natural haven while minimizing your impact on the environment. Here are some tips to consider when planning your trip:


Research the area: Familiarize yourself with Campbell Hill and its wildlife before your visit. Learn about the various species that inhabit the area, their behavior, and any specific guidelines or regulations in place for their protection.

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