Meet the Animals

The Mighty Mississippi: Exploring America’s Iconic River Journey

The Mighty Mississippi: A Journey Through America’s HeartlandThe Mississippi River, often referred to as the “Mighty Mississippi,” holds a special place in the hearts and minds of Americans. Flowing from its humble beginnings in Lake Itasca, Minnesota, to its vast delta in the Gulf of Mexico, this iconic river stretches over 2,320 miles, making it the second-longest river in the United States.

In this article, we will take a comprehensive look at the Mississippi River, exploring its flow and speed, as well as its width and depth. We will also delve into its unique features, such as the diverse fish species that inhabit its waters and the extraordinary human exploits that have taken place within its currents.

General Information about the Mississippi River

Flow and Speed of the Mississippi River

At its source in Lake Itasca, the Mississippi River is a mere stream, barely wide enough to skip a stone across. However, as it meanders its way through ten states, it gathers strength and volume, transforming into a colossal force of nature.

By the time it reaches the Gulf of Mexico, it has an average flow rate of 600,000 cubic feet per second, equivalent to filling an Olympic-sized swimming pool every 3.5 seconds. This breathtaking display of power propels water southward at an astonishing speed of 3 miles per hour, ensuring a constant and vigorous current that has shaped the landscapes along its banks.

Widest Point and Depth of the Mississippi River

While the Mississippi River is narrow at its headwaters, it widens significantly as it progresses. One notable expansion occurs at Lake Winnibigoshish, where the river increases to over 5 miles wide.

However, it is at its confluence with the Missouri River near St. Louis that the Mississippi reaches its maximum width, spanning an impressive 1 mile. As for its depth, the Mississippi averages around 20 feet.

However, the depth can plummet to 200 feet in certain areas, such as the notorious “Hades Bend.” This remarkable variation in width and depth creates a dynamic environment for both humans and wildlife alike.

Unique Features of the Mississippi River

Fish Species in the Mississippi River

The Mississippi River teems with a plethora of fascinating fish species, making it a haven for anglers and nature enthusiasts. Among the notable inhabitants are the blue catfish, known for its impressive size and strength, capable of growing up to 100 pounds.

Another marvel of the river is the paddlefish, featuring a long, paddle-shaped snout that accounts for its name. These prehistoric-looking creatures can reach lengths of up to 7 feet and are a sight to behold.

Finally, the Mississippi is home to the federally protected gulf sturgeon, an ancient species with a lineage dating back over 150 million years. The river’s diverse aquatic ecosystem ensures that every cast of the line holds the promise of encountering one of these extraordinary creatures.

Human Exploits in the Mississippi River

While the Mississippi River is primarily known for its natural wonders, it has also witnessed incredible human endeavors. One such feat was accomplished by Martin Strel, a Slovenian long-distance swimmer who conquered the entire length of the mighty river in 2002.

Swimming for up to ten hours a day, Strel battled strong currents, river debris, and adverse weather conditions to complete his 2,320-mile journey in just under two months. However, Strel’s accomplishment was not without its challenges.

Several bull shark sightings during his swim raised concerns and added an element of danger to his remarkable achievement. These extraordinary feats of endurance and courage demonstrate the allure and unpredictability of the Mississippi River.


The Mississippi River is an awe-inspiring natural wonder, shaping the landscapes and lives of those lucky enough to call it their own. From its humble origins to its dramatic conclusion, the journey through America’s heartland reveals the true power and beauty of this iconic river.

Whether it is the sheer force of its flow, the vastness of its width, the mysteries of its depths, the diversity of its fish species, or the remarkable human exploits that have taken place within its currents, the Mississippi River continues to capture our imagination. Let us embrace the grandeur and significance of this majestic waterway, treasuring it as a symbol of America’s rich and diverse heritage.

Interesting Phenomena of the Mississippi River

Backward Flow of the Mississippi River

While it may seem counterintuitive, the Mississippi River has been known to flow backward, leaving locals and visitors alike in awe of its peculiar behavior. These backward flows are often triggered by seismic events, such as earthquakes, which create temporary disturbances in the river’s course.

The most famous instance of this phenomenon occurred during the devastating New Madrid earthquakes of 1811 and 1812, when the ground shook so violently that the river briefly ran backward. Witnesses reported witnessing a reversal of the river’s flow, and even boats being carried upstream.

Although these backward flows are rare and short-lived, they serve as a reminder of the immense power and dynamic nature of the Mississippi River.

Course Changes of the Mississippi River

The Mississippi River has a history of changing its course, leaving in its wake a trail of abandoned channels and altered landscapes. One notable example occurred in the 1870s when the river dramatically shifted its flow near Vicksburg, Mississippi.

The result was the formation of the Yazoo Diversion Canal, which effectively redirected a significant portion of the river’s water away from the main channel. This course change provided vital flood control measures and improved navigation in the region.

Similarly, the construction of the Desoto Peninsula changed the river’s course, creating a barrier that prevented it from flowing directly into the Gulf of Mexico. These course changes highlight the ever-evolving nature of the Mississippi River and the human interventions required to manage its immense power.

Endangered Status of the Mississippi River

Pollution Threat to the Mississippi River

Despite its grandeur, the Mississippi River faces an ongoing threat from pollution. The primary culprits are chemicals and fertilizers used in agriculture, runoff from urban areas, and occasional oil spills.

These pollutants find their way into the river, harming the delicate balance of its ecosystem. Excessive levels of nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus from fertilizers, can cause harmful algal blooms, leading to oxygen depletion and the death of aquatic life.

Additionally, oil spills can have devastating effects on the river’s flora and fauna, creating long-term damage to the delicate ecosystem. Efforts to mitigate pollution and protect the river’s health are crucial to preserving this national treasure for future generations.

Importance and Conservation Efforts for the Mississippi River

Recognizing the importance of the Mississippi River, various individuals and organizations have dedicated themselves to its conservation and protection. The economic significance of the river cannot be overstated, as it serves as a vital transportation route, generating billions of dollars in revenue and supporting countless jobs.

Additionally, the river provides habitats for diverse wildlife and serves as a recreational destination for boating, fishing, and other outdoor activities. To safeguard this vital resource, initiatives have been launched to reduce aquatic pollution, including the enforcement of stricter regulations on industrial practices, promoting sustainable agriculture practices, and controlling urban runoff.

Moreover, individuals can contribute to conservation efforts by donating to organizations focused on river restoration and improvement projects. By coming together, we can ensure that this majestic river continues to thrive for generations to come.


The Mississippi River, with its fascinating natural phenomena, rich history of course changes, and ongoing challenges, is a symbol of both the power and vulnerability of nature. Its backward flows during seismic events, such as earthquakes, remind us of its ever-changing nature.

The river’s course changes have shaped the surrounding landscape, necessitating human interventions to tame its power. However, pollution poses a significant threat to its health and delicate ecosystem.

By recognizing the importance of the Mississippi River and actively participating in conservation efforts, we can ensure that it remains a thriving and vibrant waterway for years to come. This remarkable river has stood the test of time, and it is our responsibility to protect and preserve it as a testament to America’s natural beauty.

In conclusion, the Mississippi River is a magnificent and ever-changing natural wonder that holds significant cultural, economic, and ecological importance. From its impressive flow and speed to its wide and deep expanses, this iconic river captivates with its power and size.

Its unique features, such as diverse fish species and extraordinary human exploits, add to its allure and fascination. However, the Mississippi River also faces threats, including pollution and course changes, making conservation efforts vital.

By recognizing the importance of this mighty river and actively working to protect it, we can preserve its majesty for future generations. Let us cherish and safeguard this national treasure, ensuring that the Mississippi River continues to flow as a symbol of America’s natural beauty and heritage.

Popular Posts