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When to Repot Your Monstera: Signs Frequency and Step-by-Step Guide

When to Repot a MonsteraMonstera plants, with their striking leaves and easy-going nature, have become quite popular among both experienced and novice gardeners. However, like any houseplant, Monstera plants require proper care and occasional repotting to thrive.

In this article, we will explore the signs that indicate when it’s time to repot a Monstera, as well as the frequency at which repotting should occur.

Signs for Repotting

Knowing when to repot your Monstera is crucial for its overall health and growth. Here are some signs that indicate your Monstera needs a new home:


Roots Outgrowing the Pot:

Check the bottom of the pot for roots poking out or circling around. When the roots become crowded, it restricts the plant’s access to essential nutrients and may stunt its growth.

2. Decline in Health:

If your Monstera starts to show a decline in health, such as yellowing or browning leaves, it may be an indication that its current pot is inhibiting its growth.

Repotting can help revive a struggling plant by providing fresh soil and improved drainage. 3.

Condition of Leaves:

Inspect the leaves of your Monstera. If they appear wilted, droopy, or have lost their vibrant green color, it’s a sign that the plant isn’t receiving adequate nutrients or water from its current potting mix.

Frequency of Repotting

Now that you know when to repot your Monstera let’s discuss how often it should be done. As a general rule of thumb, Monstera plants should be repotted every two years.

However, several factors can impact the frequency of repotting:

1. Drains Quickly:

If the soil in your Monstera’s pot drains quickly, it means the plant has outgrown its pot faster than expected.

In this case, more frequent repotting may be necessary to provide enough space for the roots to spread and grow. 2.

Yellow or Dried-out Leaves:

If you notice yellow or dried-out leaves, it could be a sign that your Monstera is overly thirsty or lacking nutrients. Repotting can help correct these issues by refreshing the soil and ensuring adequate water and nutrient absorption.

Best Time for Repotting Monsteras

Preferred Seasons for Repotting

Choosing the right time to repot your Monstera is essential for its success. Here are some preferred seasons for repotting:


Non-Dormant Time:

Avoid repotting your Monstera during its dormant period, typically in winter. During this time, the plant’s energy levels are low, and repotting can put unnecessary stress on it.

2. Spring and Summer:

The ideal time to repot your Monstera is during spring or summer, when the plant is actively growing.

These seasons provide optimal conditions for root development, allowing your Monstera to establish itself quickly in its new pot.

Avoiding Winter Repotting

Winter is a challenging time for houseplants, and repotting during this season can be particularly stressful for your Monstera. Here’s why you should avoid winter repotting:



In winter, Monstera plants enter a period of dormancy, where their growth rate slows down significantly. Repotting during this time can disrupt their natural cycle and make it harder for them to recover.

2. Stress:

Transplanting and repotting induce stress in plants, and combining this stress with the already challenging conditions of winter can be detrimental to your Monstera’s health.

It’s best to wait until spring, when temperatures rise and your plant can thrive. 3.


While Monstera plants are generally hardy, subjecting them to the stress of repotting during winter can weaken their immune system and make them more susceptible to diseases or pests. Conclusion:

Knowing when to repot your Monstera is crucial for maintaining its health and ensuring its continued growth.

By paying attention to signs such as root outgrowth, a decline in health, and the condition of its leaves, you can determine when it’s time to repot. Additionally, choosing the right time to repot, such as during spring or summer, will provide your Monstera with the ideal conditions for a successful transition.

Remember to avoid repotting during the winter months to minimize stress on your plant. With proper care and timely repotting, your Monstera will continue to thrive and beautify your living space.

Choosing the Right Soil for Repotting

Soil Types for Monsteras

When it comes to repotting your Monstera, selecting the right soil is crucial for its overall health and growth. Monstera plants prefer a well-draining soil that retains moisture without becoming overly saturated.

Here are some soil types that work well for repotting Monsteras:

1. Peat-Based Soil:

Peat-based soil is a popular choice for repotting Monsteras due to its water retention capabilities.

This type of soil holds moisture while still allowing excess water to drain away, preventing waterlogging and root rot. Look for a peat-based potting mix that is specifically formulated for aroids or tropical plants, as these will provide the necessary nutrients for your Monstera.

2. Perlite for Improved Drainage:

To increase drainage in your potting mix, you can add perlite.

Perlite is a lightweight volcanic glass that helps create air pockets in the soil, allowing water to flow freely through the roots. Mix perlite with your peat-based soil to create a well-draining medium that promotes healthy root development.

Aim for a ratio of 1 part perlite to 3 parts soil for optimal drainage. 3.

All-Inclusive Houseplant Mix:

If you prefer a hassle-free option, you can choose an all-inclusive houseplant mix. These pre-packaged mixes are specifically formulated to meet the needs of a variety of houseplants, including Monstera.

Look for a mix that contains peat, perlite, and other organic matter to ensure proper drainage and moisture retention.

Preventing Root Rot

Preventing Root Rot

Root rot is one of the biggest killers of indoor plants, including Monsteras. It occurs when the roots are constantly exposed to excessive moisture, leading to their decay.

To prevent root rot and ensure the health of your Monstera, follow these tips:

1. Good Drainage is Key:

Proper drainage is crucial for preventing water from sitting around the roots for too long.

When repotting your Monstera, choose a pot with drainage holes at the bottom to allow excess water to escape. Additionally, placing a layer of small rocks or stones at the bottom of the pot can further improve drainage.

2. Avoid Overwatering:

Overwatering is a common mistake that can lead to root rot.

Before watering your Monstera, always check the moisture level by sticking your finger about an inch into the soil. If it feels dry, it’s time to water.

If it feels moist, wait a bit longer. Remember, it’s better to underwater than overwater your Monstera.

3. Use Proper Watering Techniques:

When watering your Monstera, ensure that water is evenly distributed throughout the root ball.

Water deeply until the excess starts to drain out of the bottom of the pot. This ensures that all the roots receive the necessary moisture without leaving excess water to stagnate in the pot.

Step-by-Step Guide for Repotting a Monstera

Selecting an Appropriate Container

Choosing the right container for your Monstera is essential for its health and growth. As a general rule of thumb, select a pot that is slightly larger than its current one, allowing enough room for root development.

However, be cautious not to choose a pot that is too large, as it can lead to waterlogging and root rot due to excessive moisture retention. Consider the following factors when selecting a pot:


Watering Issues:

If you consistently struggle with watering issues, such as overwatering, choose a pot with good drainage to help prevent root rot. Opt for a container with drainage holes at the bottom or consider using a grow pot with drainage that can be placed inside a decorative outer pot.

2. Pot Sizes:

Monstera plants prefer to grow in slightly snug pots.

Choosing a pot that is only a few inches larger in diameter than the current one will prevent the soil from staying too saturated and encourage healthy root growth. Avoid placing your Monstera in a pot that is significantly larger than its root ball, as this can lead to excessive moisture retention and stunted growth.

Consideration for Pruning

Before repotting your Monstera, it’s a good idea to consider pruning the plant. Pruning not only helps maintain the desired shape and size, but it also removes any diseased, damaged, or overcrowded foliage.

Here’s how to prune your Monstera before repotting:

1. Sanitize Your Tools:

To avoid spreading diseases or pests, sanitize your pruning shears or scissors before and after each cut.

This can be done by wiping the blades with a cloth soaked in rubbing alcohol or a household disinfectant. 2.

Remove Dead or Damaged Leaves:

Identify any dead or damaged leaves on your Monstera and prune them back to the base. Use sharp pruning shears or scissors to make clean cuts.

Removing these leaves will encourage new growth and improve the overall aesthetics of the plant. 3.

Consider Aerial Roots:

Monstera plants often develop aerial roots, which can be either left as they are or pruned back. If you prefer a neater appearance, you can trim the aerial roots that are growing excessively long.

However, ensure that you do not damage any healthy roots.

Gently Removing the Plant from the Pot

Now that you have selected an appropriate pot and considered pruning, it’s time to repot your Monstera. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to remove the plant from its current pot:


Prepare the New Pot:

Ensure that the new pot is clean and has drainage holes at the bottom. Place a layer of small rocks or stones at the bottom of the pot to improve drainage.

2. Massage the Pot:

Gently massage the sides of the pot to loosen the roots’ grip.

This will make it easier to remove the plant without causing damage. 3.

Carefully Wiggle Out the Plant:

Hold the base of the plant with one hand and use your other hand to gently tilt and tap the pot. This will help loosen the root ball and allow you to wiggle the plant out of its current pot.

Be patient and avoid pulling forcefully, as this can damage the roots.

Repotting with Fresh Soil

With your Monstera safely removed from its pot, it’s time to repot it in fresh soil. Follow these steps for a successful repotting process:


Prepare the New Pot:

Fill the new pot with a layer of fresh potting soil. Use a blend of peat-based soil and perlite, or an all-inclusive houseplant mix, to ensure proper drainage and moisture retention.

2. Untangle the Roots:

Gently untangle any tangled or circling roots to encourage healthy root growth.

Be careful not to damage or cut any healthy roots during this process. 3.

Place the Plant in the New Pot:

Position the Monstera in the center of the new pot, ensuring that the root ball is at the same height as it was in its previous pot. Fill in the space around the root ball with fresh soil, gently pressing it down to secure the plant in place.

Placing the Plant Back and Proper Watering

After repotting your Monstera, it’s essential to find the right location for it and water it properly. Here’s what you need to keep in mind:


Choose the Right Location:

Place your newly repotted Monstera in a location that receives bright, indirect light. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight, as this can scorch the leaves.

Additionally, ensure that the temperature and humidity levels in the chosen location are suitable for your Monstera’s needs. 2.

Water Deeply:

After repotting, give your Monstera a thorough watering, ensuring that the soil is evenly moist. Water deeply but avoid leaving the plant sitting in excess water.

Allow the soil to partially dry out between waterings to prevent overwatering, which can lead to root rot. 3.

Watch for Drainage Issues:

Observe how the water drains from the pot during watering. If it takes too long for the excess water to drain or if water collects on the saucer beneath the pot, it may indicate poor drainage.

In such cases, adjust the potting mix or consider adding more drainage holes to the pot. By following these step-by-step instructions, you can successfully repot your Monstera, allowing it to flourish in its new container with fresh soil.

In conclusion, repotting a Monstera is an essential part of plant care that ensures its continued growth and health. By choosing the right soil that provides adequate drainage, you can prevent root rot and promote healthy root development.

Additionally, carefully selecting an appropriate container and considering pruning before repotting enhances the overall aesthetics of the plant. Following a step-by-step guide and providing proper watering techniques will further contribute to the success of the repotting process.

Remember, a well-repot Monstera plant will reward you with vibrant foliage and continued growth in your indoor space. Repotting a Monstera is a crucial aspect of plant care that ensures its health and growth.

Knowing when to repot, based on signs such as root outgrowth and decline in health, is essential. Repotting should generally be done every two years or when the plant’s current pot no longer drains well or causes yellowing leaves.

Choosing the right soil, such as a peat-based mix with perlite for improved drainage, helps prevent root rot and provides the necessary nutrients. When repotting, it is important to select an appropriate container that is slightly larger and consider pruning to maintain shape and health.

Following a step-by-step guide, gently removing the plant from its pot, and placing it back with fresh soil will ensure a successful repotting process. Lastly, finding the right location and watering deeply, while ensuring proper drainage, promotes the Monstera’s continued growth.

By practicing these techniques, your Monstera will thrive, adding beauty to your indoor space and giving you the satisfaction of nurturing a healthy and vibrant plant.

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